When it comes to houseplants or indoor plants, it is one of the best options to decorate your home compared to other decorative pieces. Just like outdoor plants, of course, houseplants need the right care to keep them healthy and to promote steady growth. If this is your first experience to start houseplants, here is the ultimate care guide to keep your plants healthy.
How To Do The Perfect Propagation
Houseplants like strawberry begonia and spider plant will reproduce if you send out runners with the new plantlets and it is quite simple to root to start the new plants. On the other hands, some varieties like bromeliads will send up the new shoots at the base of the plant so that you can divide and put them into pots. Philodendron and pothos are the climbing houseplants that they will form the new roots if their stems can contact with the soil. therefore, you can start the new plants by cuttings or by air layering the houseplants with the woody stems.
How To Re-potting Houseplants
If you have no idea whether your houseplants need reporting or not it is easy. What you can do is to check their root systems. If you find that the roots are circling inside of the container, it means that you need to re-pot the plant. Otherwise, if the plants are outgrown the pot, you should transplant the plants into the larger container. It does not a big deal if you want to keep the plants in the same pots as long as you don’t mind to trim off some of their roots by using a sharp knife and then replants it into another container by using the fresh potting soil. Re-potting your houseplants means that you should divide the multiple stems so they get the new plants. The best seasons to re-pot your houseplants are in spring or summer.
How To Provide A Regular Grooming
Regular grooming is what most houseplants need to make them look better. The leaves my collect dust and therefore, you should wash them by using a gentle shower of the room-temperature. Alternatively, you can use a soft brush to dust them if they have hairy leaves. This way will improve their appearance and will keep the leaf pores unclogged to get enough light.
How To Prune and Pinch Your Houseplants
Pruning is the best solution for all houseplants to make them look better. If your plants have a too long branch, then you should cut the branches to a side shoot. Otherwise, cut the main stem. In addition, you can do it to remove the dead or the diseased leaves and stems so that the problem will not attack other parts of the plants. You can even make the overgrown houseplants look fresher by cutting their back to four to six inches tall. This is an effective technique to support the new growth of the trailing plants such as Swedish ivy and pothos.
What is the definition of pinching? You are removing the stem tips with pruners or fingernails. You should pinch out the tip of the step and the topmost leaves to support the growth of the side buds. Houseplants that grow rapidly will look best if they get frequent pinching to make them bushy and compact.
Pinching means you remove stem tips, either with your fingernails or pruners. Pinch out the tip of a stem and the topmost leaves to promote the growth of side buds. Plants that grow rapidly often look best with frequent pinching to keep them compact and bushy.
How To Deadhead Your Houseplants
A houseplant with faded flowers means that you should trim them to keep the plant blooming. Trimming is great to prevent any future disease problems, as well. While doing this, it is good to remove brown, yellow, and withered leaves. You will also need a narrow-blade hand pruner. Otherwise, use the sharp scissors to create a clean cut so you are not tearing the stem.
How To Maintain The Watering Schedule
You will kill houseplants if you do overwater and this is the most common cases. If you have no idea about how much to water your houseplants, it is better to let it dry. This is better than giving too much moisture.
Of course, each houseplant comes with different needs of watering. It depends on their environment, how they are grown and how they can deal with the seasonal changes. For this reason, it is good for water just to cover their basic needs instead of arranging their schedule. Generally, plants can grow in the well-drained soil in the perfect size container needs to get watering when the top 1/2 to 1 inch of the soil is dry. Planting succulents and cacti mean less watering. Flowering plants commonly need slightly more.
Feeding The Houseplants
Just like watering, there is no easy guideline about how much fertilizer your houseplants need. Of course, it depends on their growth rate and age, as well as the time of the year. it is good to avoid feeding your houseplants when they are not growing actively or when they are stressed.
Spring and summer are the best time for most houseplants to put on the growth spurt. Therefore, you should give the fertilizer to them. During the short days of winter and fall, they only need little fertilizer. You also should follow the label directions to know the right feeding portion for the plants.
In addition, fertilizers are available in many formulations. For this reason, you should not over fertilize your houseplants. Giving too much fertilizer will only burn their root and destroy their growth. If you are planting flowers, you should use a fertilizer that contains nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium on the label in the equal portion. If you choose a fertilizer with a too high level of nitrogen, it will only make your plant have a lot of leaves but fewer flowers.
Handling Insects In Houseplants
The effective treatment for the soft-bodied pests like spider mites and aphids are insecticidal soap. You will also need a forceful spray of water from the house to deal with the population of the pets. Other than that, it is effective to rub alcohol to remove insects with the waxy coatings like mealybugs and scale. Consistency is the main key. Aphids and spider mites can reproduce quite fast that you must treat your plants routinely. Another problem is fungus gnats, the tiny and black flies that love to stay around the soil. If your plants are overwatered, they will come in the large numbers. Therefore, you should let the soil surface to dry before doing the next watering time.
Keeping Your Houseplants Free From Disease
Destroy the diseased houseplants or the affected stems or leaves so they will not spread to other parts of the plants. Some insects can cause the diseases to spread so you have to reduce the insect population.