It is a common problem for the earth to get pelted with all debris from the space all the time. It only burns up, or break apart in the atmosphere. When one makes a big hit to the ground, and they are not too big. They are just a small rock. But, does it mean that we never have a very large one land on our planet? If so, it can create some damage. These hits are rare but some of them break the record. Here, we have the geological records when and where these monsters hit our land
Barringer Crater (Arizona, USA)
It was around 50,000 years ago. Arizona was the place for a 160-foot diameter meteorite landed in the northern desert. As a result, it left a crater with 600-feet deep. It became another tourist attraction.
According to scientists, that meteorite was traveling for about 28,000 miles per hour. Therefore, it struck and caused the explosion for about 150 times more powerful compared to the Hiroshima atomic bomb. cool stuff to know cool stuff for boy cool stuff
Eventually, some scientist rejected that idea. It was because they could not find the meteorite that caused the crater. The modern consensus argued that the rock melted in its explosion so it only left a mist of molten nickel and iron around the landscape. cool stuff to know cool stuff for boy cool stuff
Lake Bosumtwi Crater (Ghana)
It is one of the best-preserved craters on Earth until today. Also, it becomes an example of the destructive power of meteorite. Lake Bosumtwi has a five-mile diameter. The location is about twenty miles southeast of Kumasi, Ghana. The lake was the result of a 500-foot diameter meteorite. It hit the region for about 1.3 million years ago. cool stuff to know cool stuff for boy cool stuff
A study about this lake was not easy. First, it was not easy to get to the lake. The thick rainforest surrounded the lake became the first matter. Second, the fact that the local people called Ashanti considered it is a sacred lake. It is forbidden to touch the water, use metal boats or irons, or drill for nickels. cool stuff to know cool stuff for boy cool stuff
Mistastin Lake (Labrador, Canada)
This 38-million-year-lake has eleven by a seven-mile hole in the ground. It was quite larger, even larger than its today’s look since glaciers caused erosion that scoured the lake. The crater is quite unique because it is elliptical, not circular. cool stuff to know cool stuff for boy cool stuff
Many scientists suggested that the rock hit the land at the shallow angle, not straight on as in other cases. The more unusual story behind the crater is about the small island in the middle of it. This island became the central uplift for a complex crater structure.
Gosses Bluff (Northern Territory, Australia)
The crater has been there for about 142 million years old with the diameter about 15 miles. It was created when an asteroid hit the surface at 40,000 MPH and made the hole for 16,000 feet deep. The energy is equivalent to 22,000 megatons of TNT. It became the evidence that no one can ignore the power of one big rock from the sky. cool stuff to know cool stuff for boy cool stuff
Clearwater Lakes (Quebec, Canada)
Finding one meteor crater is amazing, but what can you do if you find two meteor craters, side-by-side?
This is what you will see when you go to the Clearwater Lakes. This happens when an asteroid split in two during its way to enter the Earth’s atmosphere about 290 million years ago. As a result, it created two big craters on the Eastern shore of Hudson Bay.
Even though glaciers and erosion have eroded these craters away, but they still exist. One lake is about 20 miles in diameter and others are less than 14 miles. Can you imagine how much larger their original look? cool stuff to know cool stuff for boy cool stuff
The Tunguska Explosion (Siberia, Russia)
This one is not easy to answer since we are talking about an old case, 105 years ago. There were no pieces to left as the evidence. It was in June 1908 when something quite big moved so fast and then exploded near Russia’s Tunguska River. This explosion created more than 800 square miles of forest flatter.
There were no clues of meteorite to find so some argued that the object may not have been a meteor. It could be a small chunk of a comet. Others said it was an alien spaceship.
Manicouagan Crater (Canada)
It is also popular as the “eye of Quebec”. This crater was made some 212 million years ago. It was because of a 3-mile wide asteroid landed on Earth. Originally, the crater was about 62-mile-wide hole but it is still impressive until today. This crater is so unique with its near-perfect circular look. Mostly, it is dry land ringed by a natural mote so that it would be a nice place to build a castle there.
Sudbury Basin (Ontario, Canada)
This crater is quite old. It is about 1.85 billion years old with 9 miles deep and 16 miles wide. The old crater was the home for about 162,000 people and several mining companies. Over a century ago, they discovered that the bottom of the basin has a high level of nickel, thanks to the asteroid. That is quite many to provide about 10% of nickel supply in the world! cool stuff to know cool stuff for boy cool stuff
Chicxulub Crater (Mexico)
We can say this crater is one of the largest meteors that strike the record. It was about 65 million years ago. An asteroid in size of a small city hit the Earth with its 100 teratons of TNT. If we are talking about the Hiroshima bomb, it is only 20 kilotons of TNT which is not enough to deal with 100 teratons.
First, this asteroid left a 105-mile diameter hole in the ground. Second, it created earthquakes, mega-tsunamis, and volcanic eruptions around the globe, especially for the reptilian. cool stuff to know cool stuff for boy cool stuff
Vredefort Dome (South Africa)
It is okay if Chicxulub Crater is more popular, but it is like a pothole when you compare it to the 16-mile-wide Vredefort Dome. Located in South Africa, it holds the current record as the largest crater on Earth. Back to billion years ago, a meteor, estimated in 6-mile of diameter landed and did not do a lot of damage. Even though the original crater is eroded away, but it still exists to remind us how scary this thing can happen. cool stuff to know cool stuff for boy cool stuff