Knowing the basic facts of first aid can literally help you save lives, including your own. When you find yourself in the middle of an emergency situation, it’s best to know how to assess a situation, what you can do to help, and even know the difference between what helps and what doesn’t. Let’s just say a simple gauze pad is usually more effective than a tourniquet when dealing with bleeding.
We always want you up-to-date on how to take care of yourself, so we’ve prepared some quick first aid tips that could one day save your life!
Whenever you are dealing with a wound, you should always try to elevate it above the level of your heart. This calms swelling and helps fluid drain away from the area. If your wound is on your hips or buttocks, lie down and elevate it with pillows. If you are unable to elevate the wound, try to keep it at heart level or as close as possible.
2. First-degree burns
First-degree burns, also known as superficial burns, only impact the top layer of your skin. While they might be painful, they are not serious. To treat them, rinse the wound with lukewarm water. While ice water might seem more obvious, it can actually cause more tissue damage. After cleaning the burn, apply an ice pack or cold compress. Using butter or grease is an old folk remedy, but that can actually cause more damage to the wound because it slows down the release of the heat. A paste made by mixing water and baking soda can also help to release the heat from the burn.